From the lush vistas of the Serengeti National Park to the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania covers all the bases for a world-class travel experience. Whatever your fancy, the natural landscape of this beautiful country will leave you with both indelible memories and an educational experience unlike any other.
There are several national parks in Tanzania that we love:
Probably the most well-known area of Tanzania, this park covers 14,763 square kilometers (5,700 square miles) of dry rolling grassland in the south and rocky hilly areas in the north. This area boasts the best wildlife viewing and is Tanzania’s oldest national park, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Over two million animals participate in the Great Migration, where wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles migrate from the Serengeti to the Maasai Mara Reserve in Kenya.
A World Heritage Site, Ngorongoro attracts thousands of visitors every year and is frequently referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World. The Ngorongoro crater is the world’s largest inactive volcanic crater and is also host to the annual wildebeest migration. Did you know it is the only place in Africa where you can see all three species of jackals?
This is the 6th largest national park located in the Mayara region north of Arusha. Named for the Tarangire river, this park’s ecosystem is part of the Great Migration where many animals come to search for fresh water. Visitors can see hundreds of elephants, birds, rhinos, zebras, and other species of animals, as well as the lush flora and fauna.
While not as popular as the previously mentioned parks, this park located in the southern part of Tanzania covers 50,000 square kilometers and provides a unique experience for those wanting an escape from the busier tourist attractions. Separated in two sections by the River Rufiji, the Selous Game Reserve is amongst the largest protected areas in Africa and has smaller densities of animals than reserves in the northern part of Tanzania. It was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.
Located in the northern part of Tanzania in the Great Rift Valley, this park covers 330 square kilometers and boasts the scenic waters of Lake Manyara, which is an alkaline lake and hosts large numbers of pink flamingos and hippos that like to dip their toes in the shallow waters. Visitors can also see large numbers of tree-climbing lions, and the tree-top canopy walk offers another perspective of viewing the amazing wildlife.
Besides the national parks, Tanzania boasts other natural wonders, including the Great Lakes, Lake Victoria (Africa’s largest lake), and Lake Tanganyika, the world’s deepest lake.
Tanzania Country Information
Language: Swahili and English are the official languages.
Religion: Muslim, Christian, Hindu and traditional beliefs.
Time: GMT + 3.
Electricity: 230 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs may be round or square three-pin, fused or unfused.
Telephone: Country code: 255. IDD is available. In some rural areas, international calls must go through the operator. There are many public call boxes in post offices and main towns.
Mobile Telephone: Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Coverage is limited to main urban areas.
Internet: Email can be accessed in internet cafes in main urban areas.
Weather: The climate is tropical and coastal areas are hot and humid. The rainy season lasts from March to June. The central plateau is dry and arid. The northwestern highlands are cool and temperate and the rainy season here lasts from November to December and February to May. Tropical clothing is worn throughout the year, but in the cooler season, from June to September, jackets and sweaters may be needed, especially in the evenings.
Kenya Visa Information: US/Canada/UK/Australia — Passport valid for at least six months required and evidence of yellow fever immunization are required. Visa may be purchased on arrival at the airport. Single entry visa is $50 per person ($100pp for US citizens), payable in cash (no credit cards).
Visas may also be obtained in advance through a visa service. Dar es Salaam International (DAR) is 13km (8 miles) southwest of the city (journey time – 30 minutes).
Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) is 50km (31 miles) from Arusha. Zanzibar Airport (ZNZ) is 8km (5 miles) from Kisauni. The following items may be imported into Tanzania without incurring customs duty: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco; one bottle of alcoholic beverages; 570ml of perfume.
This is critical. Our ToKenya.com clients are covered by East African Flying Doctor Services included in the tour price. This coverage guarantees that any member injured or ill while on safari will be airlifted back to Nairobi to the international hospital.
Yellow Fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required of all travelers over one year of age traveling from infected areas and travelers coming from countries considered to be endemic by the Tanzanian authorities. All visitors to Zanzibar require a yellow fever vaccination certificate.
Cholera: According to 1973 WHO guidelines, a cholera vaccination is no longer required for entry into Tanzania. However, there are regular outbreaks of cholera throughout the country and precautions are essential. Up-to-date advice should be sought before deciding whether these precautions should include vaccination as medical opinion is divided over its effectiveness.
Typhoid: Vaccination against typhoid is advised but not required.
Malaria: Risk exists all year throughout the country below 1800m (5906ft) – however most of the Serengeti/Ngorongoro/Arusha area is above the malaria zone. Mefloquine, doxycycline or atovaquone/ proguanil are recommended.
HIV/AIDS: There is a risk of contracting AIDS if the necessary precautions are not taken. It is advisable to take a kit of sterilized syringe needles for any possible injections needed, as well as drip needles for emergencies.
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